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ビジネス英語 2020年07月28日

【ビジネス英語】Building your Vocabularyー言語習得の鍵、語彙力を身に付けるには?

日本語だけ使用している環境にいる場合、新しい言語を習得するという事は非常に難しいです。

今回は言語習得の鍵と言っても過言ではない、「語彙」の増やし方についてお伝えします。

“What’s the secret to learning a new language?” There isn’t one shortcut or technique that works for everyone. One area that many language learners often struggle with is how to use new vocabulary words.

One suggestion is to keep a vocabulary notebook.

This could be a traditional notebook, or you could use an app:

Google Keep
Google Docs
Google Sheets
OneNote
Notes (iPhone)
MyMemo (Andriod)

Choose what works best for you. Make it accessible and portable.

How to use your notebook:

When you come across a new vocabulary word or phrase while reading or listening, write down the word or phrase. If you have time, write out the whole sentence in context.

After you’ve collected several words and phrases, go back and put them in your vocabulary notebook.

It might look something like this:

apparition noun – ghost / unexpected appearance of someone or something.
“Several previous tenants had been scared off after seeing the apparition.”
“Yokai are apparitions in Japan.”

nosocomial infections adj. – infections originating in a hospital (medical)
“A number of nosocomial infections have been reported at the Nakano Egota Hospital in Tokyo’s Nakano Ward.”
“Visiting hospitals during flu season might make patients’ conditions worse due to nosocomial infections.”

farm out phrasal verb – pay someone outside your company do to some work
“We farmed out all of our accounting to an overseas vendor because it was more efficient.”
“I want to farm out my work to a sub-contractor and focus on more critical tasks.”

Where else can I find words in context?

Search for the word or phrase and see how others have used it. This will give you a better idea of how it’s used either in the news, in publications, or in academia.
Here are a few places to look:

Google News
Google Books
Google Scholar

Is that it?

The most important part of your vocabulary notebook is reviewing and using the language. I recommend reading through your list a few times a week, but at least once a week. Keep a tally on how often you use the word or check it off after introducing it into your vocabulary.
Additionally, try to use the word or phrase while speaking or writing:
“Did you see the UFO flying over Japan? I hope it was just an apparition.”
“Hospitals are hotspots for nosocomial infections.”
“Many companies farm out their back-office tasks.”

Build an easily accessible vocabulary list and start improving your speaking, writing, and listening skills. Try to incorporate new words into your speaking and writing. Have fun learning new words and phrases and seeing how they are used.

簡単にアクセスできる語彙リストを作成しましょう。
語彙を身に付けることでスピーキング、ライティング、リスニングのスキルが向上します。
スピーキングとライティングに新しい単語を取り入れてみてください。

フェニックスコンサルティングでは講師によるカスタマイズされた学習が可能です。

ぜひお気軽にお問い合わせください。

著者紹介

Bobby Mellnick
Bobbyは日本に8年間住んでいます。そのうちの5年はビジネス英語の指導を専門にし、ビジネス英語ライティングを専門分野にしています。

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